How to Propagate Monstera Plants From Cuttings

Are you thinking of propagating your Monstera to create some additional plants for yourself or other houseplant loving friends? Monstera propagation is fairly straight forward, and even novice gardeners can propagate them with success. In this article, gardening expert and houseplant enthusiast Madison Moulton explains how to propagate monstera plants in five simple steps!

Close up of person wearing a white shirt holding a tropical plant with open hands showing the base of the stem that was cut from the plant. There is a node growing from the cutting. A wood wall with shelves and other houseplants in containers are in the blurred background.

If you’re an avid houseplant collector or even a newbie in the indoor gardening world, you will certainly recognize a Monstera when you see one. This genus is packed with interesting plants that each feature holes or splits in the leaves known as fenestration – one of the reasons why these plants are so famous.

From the tropical jungles of Central and South America, Monstera can be found growing up trees in their native habitats. They use aerial roots to climb, as well as soil roots down below, classifying these plants as hemi-epiphytic.

With many popular species to choose from and lush leaves that look good year-round, there is no reason not to add at least one Monstera to your houseplant collection. But if you want to grow more than that and don’t have the budget for a trailer full of plants, there is another option – propagating. Let’s dig into the five easy steps to propagate Monstera!

Video Walkthrough

If you’d rather watch a video over reading a step-by-step guide, we’ve made a helpful video walkthrough for you to watch. However, if you prefer to read, keep scrolling to learn about propagating Monstera through cuttings!

Why Propagate Monstera

Close up of tropical plant with three large heart-shaped leaves in a transparent gray vase with water. A person's hands are at the base of the vase as it stands on a wooden table top. The background
Propagating Monstera can be rewarding in a number of ways, from mental health to having a new plant to love.

There are many different types of Monstera plants, and all are loved for many reasons, the top of which is their stunning looks. The massive leaves of this plant scream tropical paradise and look wonderful in any space or design. They are also relatively easy to grow once you get to know them, loving moisture, warmth, and high humidity.

Along with other houseplants, Monstera plants also deliver many benefits to the health of your home. They can improve mood and concentration as well as increase productivity. They even have the ability to clean the air in your home.

Luckily, there is an easy way to get tons of Monstera without spending a cent. Not only does propagating allow you to maximize the Monstera space in each room of your home, but it also saves you money.

Due to their widespread popularity, mature Monstera can be quite pricey and rare species even more so. But, when propagating, one is all you need to deliver a seemingly endless supply of plants year after year.

Propagating is also one of the most rewarding activities for indoor gardeners. We don’t often get the chance to grow from seed or watch young plants rapidly develop. Watching roots grow from cuttings provides the same sense of achievement. Plus, the process itself also comes with a host of mental health benefits, from calming to a sense of achievement and more.

The propagating process isn’t always pretty. However, when it comes to the large leaves of Monstera, cuttings are a feature in themselves. Monstera cuttings can be continuously used as a décor piece, transplanted and replaced every month or two when the time is right.

Monstera Propagation Methods

Close up of two topical plants in containers. The one on the left is in a glass vase with light green spaghetti-like roots winding around at the bottom from a thick green stem. A hand is at the base of the vase. The plant on the right is in a black round plastic container with small white perlite granules in the soil. Only the base of the plant's stem is visible. Both plants rest on the surface of a wooden table.
Though there are several methods to choose from, rooting in water or soil is the easiest way to propagate Monstera.

There are several ways to propagate Monstera, each with its own pros and cons. Flowering Monstera can be propagated from seed. However, this process takes a very long time when compared to the other methods and isn’t as reliable. Flowering also doesn’t happen often when growing indoors.

Layering is another recommended method said to be better for the health of the plant. This involves wrapping a stem in moist moss around an aerial root or a cut in the stem, encouraging roots to develop over several months. But it can get quite technical and typically takes a little longer for roots to develop.

Since Monstera cuttings root so readily in water or soil, this is by far the easiest and most common propagation method, the one we’re going to look at here. Propagating from cuttings delivers quick results, doesn’t require many tools, and looks great at the same time.

When to Propagate Monstera

Close up of hands holding a pair of orange garden shears up to a green houseplant with heart-shaped leaves that have holes in them, about to cut part of the vine away from the rest of the plant. The plant is growing in a round white container sitting on top of a round white table that are blurred in the background.
The active growing months in the spring and summer is the best time to propagate Monstera plants.

The best time to propagate Monstera is during the active growing season of spring and summer. Early spring is best as this avoids temperature extremes and gives the cutting the best chance of rooting.

You can technically propagate any time of year, but root development may be much slower in the cooler months. This may lead to complications when transplanting later on.

Materials You’ll Need

Close up of two hands holding potting mix amended with small round white perlite granules. A large square black plastic container sits underneath.
A well-draining potting mix amended with perlite is necessary for propagating with soil and for transplanting.

To propagate from cuttings, the first thing you’ll need is a parent plant. Make sure your chosen Monstera is healthy and shows no signs of disease or pest problems. If you propagate at this time, it will only spread the problem to the new cuttings.

Also, avoid taking cuttings if you are experiencing growth issues like stunted growth and yellowing or browning leaves. Trimming healthy leaves at this time may lead to additional stress. Only remove cuttings when your plant is struggling if you are sacrificing the parent plant to make new, healthy Monstera from the available leaves.

Next, you’ll need a pair of sharp pruning shears or a sharp craft knife. The sharper the tool, the cleaner the cut, allowing the parent plant to heal much quicker and avoiding any permanent damage. Make sure the tools are clean as dirty gardening tools can carry harmful bacteria and diseases that not only spread to the cutting but to the parent plant too.

If you’re rooting in water, also grab a tall glass or vase to rest the cuttings in. It should be clear so you can keep an eye on root growth and the quality of the water. To go straight to rooting in soil, you’ll need a large pot and a light propagating mix. I use a combination of equal parts coconut coir and perlite, but you can also find premixed propagating mixes available online.

Propagation From Cuttings in 5 Steps

As previously stated, propagating Monstera through cuttings is the easiest way to produce a new plant. The process is simple, just follow these five steps and you will have a brand new Monstera to add to your collection.

Step 1: Choose the Right Stem

Close up of the base of a tropical houseplant. The plant grows from a round container and the soil is amended with small white perlite granules. There is one visible and clear leaf that is heart shaped and shiny. There are several thick green stems growing from the soil. There is a hand pointing at a brown vine near the soil. The background is blurry.
Make sure the stem you select is healthy, green, and undamaged.

The first step in the propagating process is to identify the perfect stem. Above all else, it should be green and healthy with no yellowing or browning in the leaves. A healthy stem will produce healthy roots, whereas an unhealthy or damaged stem may produce no roots at all.

It’s also best to look for a stem that has aerial roots. Although it’s not essential, these roots will give you a better chance of success in propagation. You can cut large sections of the plant to split into individual cuttings, each with its own aerial root, or you can simply remove one stem from the main plant to root.

Step 2: Trim With Sharp Shears

Close up of a gardener using a sharp craft knife to cut a thick stem from the rest of a green tropical houseplant with heart-shaped leaves. The plant grows in soil that has a few round white perlite particles that is placed in a round brown container.
Use a sharp and disinfected knife or garden shears to cut the healthy stem from the rest of the plant.

Grab your shears or craft knife to get ready for the next step, taking the cutting. Once you’ve identified the perfect stem, you’ll need to remove it from the plant as neatly as possible. This keeps the plant and cutting looking tidy while making recovery far quicker.

Blunt tools can damage and crush the essential transport systems of the stems. This can create problems with healing and later growth and potentially expose your plant to problems with pests and diseases.

Remove the cutting just below the point where the leaf and aerial root emerge – the node. Don’t cut too close to the node to avoid damage as this is where roots will emerge from. If your cutting has multiple nodes, split them up so each cutting has a root and one or two leaves. Two leaves are preferred but a cutting will still develop roots with one if that leaf is healthy.

Remove as many cuttings as you would like to propagate at one time. Never remove more than one-quarter to one-third of the parent plant as this can lead to shock, making recovery and later growth more difficult.

Step 3: Root the Cutting

With each cutting prepared, you’ll need to decide whether you are rooting in water or in soil. Rooting in water is generally preferred as it allows you to keep an eye on root growth. However, rooting in soil produces stronger roots that adjust much better to soil growth later on.

Rooting in Water
Close up of a gardener wearign a white t-shirt holding a clear glass vase with thin noodle-like light green roots swirling around the bottom attached to thick green stems. Another mature and dark green houseplant sits on a shelf in the blurred background.
After a few weeks of sitting in clean water, you will begin to see roots develop from the cutting.

To root in water, fill your chosen container with filtered, distilled, or rainwater. Tap water is also usable but can contain compounds that may inhibit or slow root growth, depending on where you live. The glass should also be cleaned with soap and water to prevent bacterial growth in the container.

Then, simply pop the cuttings into the glass so the leaves are resting out of the water. Only the bottom section of the cutting needs to be exposed to the water – the rest can be left above the water line. Pop multiple cuttings into the same glass for a full-looking feature while you wait for roots to grow.

Rooting in Soil
Close up of a thick, bright green stem cutting being placed into a round black plastic container of amended potting mix with lots of round white perlite granules. The container rests on a wooden table.
Rooting in soil is easier on the roots, which will handle transplanting better than if they were rooted in water.

To root in soil, fill a medium-to-large container with your prepared propagating mix. Make a hole in the center and plant the cutting, pressing down around the base to anchor the cutting. The container should be deep enough to hold the cutting without the weight of the large leaves causing it to tip over.

Once planted, water it immediately to moisten the soil and encourage root growth. Avoid getting any water on the leaves as this can lead to rotting. You can also moisten the soil before planting to make anchoring easier and limit any disturbance to the cutting after settling.

No matter the method, move your container to a warm, bright and humid area out of the path of direct sun. These conditions will encourage new roots to develop.

Step 4: Post-Propagating Care

Focus of a thick stem cutting being placed into a gray glass cylinder vase with about two inches of water. The stem has a thick brown root forming to the right of the bottom. The vase rests on a wooden table. The blurred background has other houseplants on shelves.
After the initial cutting process, there are some tasks to complete to maintain strong growth and give your cutting the best chance of rooting.

For cuttings in water, you’ll need to top up the water every few days as it evaporates. Make sure the node is always below the water line – otherwise no roots can develop. Around once per week, replace the water completely and clean the container. This ensures there is also plenty of oxygen in the water and stops bacterial build-up that can inhibit root growth.

In soil, keep the soil consistently moist by watering every couple of days. Don’t overwater as waterlogging will cause the stems to rot. Also don’t allow the soil to dry out completely as moisture is required for roots to develop.

Keep the cuttings in bright indirect light for the strongest growth. With only one or two leaves, the cutting will struggle to develop roots in low-light conditions.

Step 5: Transplanting

Close up of two hands pressing down on soil with small round white perlite granules where two thick green stems are growing. A black round plastic container holds the potting mix and plant and is sitting on the surface of a wooden table.
Moving the new plant into a new home is a careful process.

Once the roots are an inch or two long, or the cutting resists movement in soil, you are ready to transplant. Prepare a container with houseplant potting mix that drains well and then make a hole in the center, burying the cutting and its new roots.

Make sure the roots are spread outwards and not bundled so they can expand into the new soil. Water immediately after planting to settle the roots.

You may notice a period of slow growth after planting, especially when rooting in water. The cutting needs time to adjust to its new conditions before growth can kick off again. Keep all environmental conditions the same to limit changes and the cutting should start developing new leaves in a couple of weeks.

You can also keep your cuttings in water over the long term if you would prefer not to transplant them. This makes for a wonderful indoor feature in a decorative vase but does come with some upkeep. As the water lacks nutrients, you will need to add a few drops of fertilizer to the water to feed the cutting.

You’ll also need to change the water often to prevent bacterial growth. Keep in mind that the longer you keep a cutting in water, the more difficult it will be for the roots to adjust to growing in soil.

Final Thoughts

That’s how easy it is to grow a brand new Monstera plant from scratch – no budget required. It’s one of the simplest houseplants to propagate with leaf or stem cuttings, allowing you to create many new houseplants for your own garden, or to give away to other plant enthusiasts. Whether you opt for rooting your cuttings in water or soil, you’ll be able to fill your home with healthy Monstera in no time.

SHARE THIS POST
Monstera Adansonii

Houseplants

How to Plant, Grow, and Care For Monstera Adansonii

Are you interested in adding a Monstera adansonii to your houseplant collection? This interesting member of the Monstera genus has many holes in its leaves, making for a unique feature. Follow this guide to find out everything you need to know to plant, care for and propagate this popular plant.

Refrigerator With Plant on Top

Houseplants

21 Plants That Can Live on Top of Your Refrigerator

Looking for a houseplant to put on top of your refrigerator? There are actually a number of different plants that like a slightly warmer environment, and don't require too much sun. But if you pick the wrong plant, you'll end up with a wilted, dying mess. In this article, we look at our favorite plants to put on top of your fridge.

A recently propagated zz plant that is planted in a black plastic container. It is growing from stem cutting. The gardener is pressing down on the plant into the pot with potting medium around the newly propagated plant.

Houseplants

Three Easy Ways to Propagate ZZ Plants

Are you thinking of propagating your zz plant to create more for around your home? There are three common methods zz plant propagation is done via stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or through division. In this article, gardening expert and houseplant enthusiast Madison Moulton walks through each method, step-by-step.

A beautiful blooming Christmas Cactus indoors with white and red leaves coming off the plant itself.

Houseplants

How to Grow and Care For a Christmas Cactus

Thinking of adding a Christmas Cactus to your indoor or outdoor gardening space? These popular succulents aren't only popular during the holiday season. In this article, gardening expert and houseplant enthusiast Madison Moulton takes you through everything you need to know about the Christmas Cactus and their care.

Small Vining plant growing along a metal wire with tiny heart shaped leaves that are pale green splashed with dark green. A small round tuber is growing on the vine and a finger is pointing at it. The background is dark and blurry.

Houseplants

4 Different Ways to Propagate String of Hearts Plants

If you've decided to propagate your string of hearts plant, you might be confused about the best way to get it done. There are actually four different methods you can use to propagate these popular houseplants! In this article, gardening expert and houseplant enthusiast Madison Moulton walks through each propagation method, step by step.