Philodendron Varieties: 61 Different Types of Philodendron Cultivars
If you are thinking of adding a philodendron to your indoor or outdoor garden, choosing the right variety can be a challenge because there are so many different options. Some are more expensive and considered rare, while others are more common, but just as beautiful. In this article, we look at our favorite philodendron varieties, with names and pictures of each!
Are you thinking about adding a Philodendron plant to your collection but aren’t sure which one is best? If you are searching for a unique plant, we have a comprehensive list of our favorite 61 types of Philodendron varieties that will brighten up any space.
Philodendron plants are exceptional in both beauty and variety. These unique plants are characteristic of their various leaf types that differ from other vegetation. In addition, Philodendrons can have both juvenile and adult leaves simultaneously, a feature that is not common with other plants.
Because of their exquisite beauty and abundant foliage, many Philodendrons make excellent indoor plants for decorating a living or workspace. This flowering plant includes dozens of options to choose from when selecting your next favorite to add to your home or office. This guide will give you a better idea of what each type of Philodendron looks like, what it requires for care, and where they are best suited. So let’s take a more in-depth look!
- 1 Atabapoense
- 2 Bernardopazii
- 3 Billietiae
- 4 Bipennifolium
- 5 Bipinnatifidum
- 6 Birkin
- 7 Black Cardinal
- 8 Bob Cee
- 9 Brandtianum
- 10 Brazil
- 11 Burle Marx
- 12 Callosum
- 13 Camposportoanum
- 14 Dark Lord
- 15 Erubescens
- 16 Florida Ghost
- 17 Gloriosum
- 18 Grazielae
- 19 Green Congo
- 20 Hastatum
- 21 Heartleaf
- 22 Hope Selloum
- 23 Imperial Green/Imperial Red
- 24 Joepii
- 25 Jose Buono
- 26 Lacerum
- 27 Lemon Lime
- 28 Majesty
- 29 Mamei
- 30 Martianum
- 31 Mayoi
- 32 Melanochrysum
- 33 Melanoneuron
- 34 Mexicanum
- 35 Micans
- 36 Moonlight
- 37 Painted Lady
- 38 Paraiso Verde
- 39 Pastazanum
- 40 Patriciae
- 41 Pedatum
- 42 Pink Princess
- 43 Plowmanii
- 44 Prince of Orange
- 45 Red Congo
- 46 Red Emerald
- 47 Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma
- 48 Ring of Fire
- 49 Rio
- 50 Rugosum
- 51 Selloum
- 52 Sharoniae
- 53 Spiritus Sancti
- 54 Squamiferum
- 55 Subhastatum
- 56 Thai Sunrise
- 57 Tortum
- 58 Tripartitum
- 59 Verrucosum
- 60 White Knight
- 61 Xanadu
- 62 Final Thoughts
Scientific Name: Philodendron Atabapoense
The Atabapoense is native to Venezuela and also grows in Brazil in the Amazonian region. This Philodendron variety is a climbing, vining plant that requires little fuss to thrive. However, it will need vertical support during its active growth periods to reach optimal height.
It can be reluctant to bloom while indoors but does provide spathe with a purplish-brown hue on the interior, with the exterior being green.
These plants live their best and longest lives in moist, well-drained soil that does not have standing water. Partial sunlight is best for the Atabapoense and is tolerant to neglect, making it a terrific option to brighten up a home office. However, direct sunlight can cause damage to these brightly-colored leaves.
For climate zones 9 through 11, the Atabapoense will thrive outdoors, although if temperatures fall close to freezing, this plant should be in a container to bring inside when colder weather hits.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Bernardopazii
Originating in the Brazilian jungles, the Bernardopazii is a unique climbing house plant with large glossy green leaves that have white veins on top and red veins underneath. This Philodendron variety is also relatively low-maintenance with the proper environment. It’s worth noting that the Bernardopazii is a species, which has its own varieties. For simplistic purposes, we’ve included the Bernardopazii in our list.
Its elongated green leaves attach to the stem with a pink hue with white streaks. Flowering in its natural habitat is standard, while indoors are infrequent. However, for plant-lovers who provide the right growing conditions, the Bernardopazii’s spathe is light green and produces beautiful white flowers.
This Philodendron variety prefers bright but indirect sunlight and well-drained soil. Organic matter in the soil, such as peat moss or perlite, can be the perfect growing conditions for this plant. Outdoor Bernardopazii plants will thrive best in growing zones 9 through 11.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Billietiae
The Billietiae is a Philodendron plant that is a hemiepiphytic species that spends part of its life with the root system out of the ground. It is native to Brazil, Costa Rica, French Guiana, and Guyana.
While this Philodendron plant can grow up to five feet tall, its leaves are significantly impressive. They can reach three feet long and ten inches wide, so plant-lovers should ensure their Billietiae has plenty of space. When given proper care, this variety will carry white or off-white flowers when they bloom out of their natural habitat.
Humidity is vital for the Billietiae, along with other Philodendron varieties. If you live in a dry climate, be sure to use a pebble tray or mist your plant regularly. Provide well-drained soil and indirect bright light for optimal growing conditions.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Bipennifolium
This tropical plant variety originates from Brazil and Argentina in the tropical rainforests. Its climbing nature allows it to wrap around neighboring trees and plants as it grows.
It is commonly known as the Horsehead or Fiddleleaf Philodendron plant because its uniquely-shaped leaves resemble a horse’s head or a violin. Its leaves climb and start with a bright, neon yellow color and darken to green as the plant matures.
Plant enthusiasts who are lucky enough to witness the Bipennifolium flowering will see creamy-white spathes and small green fruit. These Philodendron varieties prefer small living quarters, so they are happy in smaller containers as long as ample water drainage prevents root rot.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Bipinnatifidum
The Bipinnatifidum is native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay, although you can find it among many southern U.S. states where the climate is favorable. It has beautiful white blooms during the spring and summer with ample growing conditions.
The size difference between growing outside and indoors is significant as this Philodendron adapts to its surroundings. Naturally, it can reach up to 15 feet, but it can measure between five and six feet tall as an indoor plant.
Unlike other Philodendron varieties, the Bipinnatifidum does not like to remain dry and should have moist soil without standing water for optimal growth. Its unique broad, bright leaves can provide a tropical feel to any home or office.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Birkin
This Philodendron choice is a hybrid of the Congo and Imperial Green varieties that some believe originated in Thailand. One of its most distinguishing features is the dark-colored leaves with bright yellow pattern lines.
The Philodendron Birkin prefers loose soil with organic matter, such as peat moss, to allow adequate water drainage. However, if the potting medium is too loose, it will not hold enough water to keep the soil moist and dehydrate the plant.
One unique characteristic of this Philodendron is how the Birkin may revert to its original Congo family line and lose its yellow-white stripes for dark green leaves once again. Alternatively, some Birkins may have leaves that differ in appearance, giving plant enthusiasts a one-of-a-kind houseplant.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Black Cardinal
The Black Cardinal plant is native to South America and has large oval leaves with dark burgundy-brown black hues. Although they start with a bright bronze color, the leaves on this Philodendron darken as the plant matures. Similarly, the spathe flowers emerge as a dark red color.
This plant can grow aggressively during the warm summer months, creating the need for repotting if it outgrows its current space. The Black Cardinal is vulnerable to calcium and magnesium deficiencies, so providing the proper planting medium is critical for optimal growth. If it has pale-colored leaves, be sure to fertilize them and provide enough nutrients.
This Philodendron variety is an excellent natural air purifier, perfect for your home or office. It thrives in moist soil, but plant owners should avoid sandy potting mixes for the Black Cardinal.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Bob Cee
The Bob Cee is a rare, attractive Philodendron variety with long, narrow serrated leaves that originates from the sub-tropical and tropical regions of South America. This hybrid has unknown parentage, and its name comes after an individual with the same name.
If and when this Philodendron variety flowers, you can expect breathtaking pale yellow-white blooms nestled within its saw-toothed bright green foliage. This vining climbing plant can also grow downward while hanging rather than up if there is no support.
The Bob Cee thrives best in climate zones 10 to 12 and prefers high humidity. If you are lucky enough to own this Philodendron, be sure to regularly mist the leaves or have a pebble tray for it. Like other varieties in this plant family, Bob Cees prefer to stay in a moist potting medium with proper drainage to avoid root rot.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Brandtianum
The Brandtianum is also known as the Silver Leaf Philodendron because of its olive-colored leaves with silver markings. This bushy plant can grow up with support or have vines that hang down for a tropical feel in your space.
Suitable indoors with the proper climate or outdoors in growing zones 9 through 11, the Brandtianum thrives well with warmer temperatures and adequate humidity. This Philodendron rarely flowers indoors, but when it does, these blooms are various hues of green with a violent interior.
Avoid direct sunlight with your Brandtianum to prevent scorching the leaves. While misting is an integral part of caring for these plants, be mindful of water that remains on the leaves, as it can encourage bacteria growth that is harmful to your plant.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Brazil
The Brazil Philodendron (or Philodendron Brasil) is a hybrid native to the Caribbean, Central, and South America. It has bright green and yellow colors that resemble the flag of Brazil, indicating how it got its name. However, this plant can revert to its Heartleaf parentage if it does not receive the adequate nutrients and care to flourish.
This trailing plant is perfect on a shelf, in a hanging basket, or on a table with support to climb. Although the Brazil looks like it will require constant attention and care, it is one of the less-fussy Philodendron varieties available.
When the Brazil has a chance to bloom, plant lovers will see green and white flowers, although indoor blooming is rare.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Burle Marx
The Burle Marx is an easy-to-care-for Philodendron that originated from Brazil. It offers narrow, heart-shaped leaves which range in color from light to dark green and even red, with silver or gold variegation.
Although this tropical ornamental plant is an excellent addition to any indoor space, the leaves are also ideal for creating wreaths or for use in other foilage creations. One exceptional benefit to the Burle Marx plant is that it does not generate any pollen, making it perfect for allergy sufferers.
This Philodendron option is a relatively small plant compared to other varieties. Typically, the Burle Marx will only reach two feet high and two to four feet wide, making it an excellent inside plant. Its flowers are insignificant and are white, blooming only during its reproductive cycle.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Callosum
The Callosum originates in northwestern Brazil, the Guiana Shield, and Venezuela, growing attached to trees. Because of their epiphytic nature, they can grow on land with aerial roots or in well-drained soil as a decorative house plant.
They are identifiable by their elongated, rounded leaves similar to many Hoya cultivars. This Philodendron variety thrives in growing zones 9 through 11 when planted outdoors. However, if temperatures drop to freezing, they are not cold-hardy, will not survive a frost, and should be brought indoors.
Distinctive of other Philodendrons, the Callosum is not much of a climbing plant. Instead, the leaves grow along the ground and outward. As a result, this tropical plant can provide an exceptional decorative cover for your space in the right conditions.
Image Credit: Bachelot Pierre J-P via Creative Commons (Use Permitted with Attribution)
Scientific Name: Philodendron Camposportoanum
For plant lovers looking for unique and breathtaking Philodendron varieties, the Camposportoanum is a terrific choice. This small-growing tropical plant from Central and South America showcases relatively petite oval dark leaves that mature into several distinct three-lobed shapes. Alternatively, with bright light, the Camposportoanum leaves will turn pink.
This Philodendron is easy to take care of in similar conditions to other plants from the same family. Bright, indirect sunlight and ample soil drainage are just a couple of vital elements for optimal growth. These plants thrive with humidity, so those indoor Camposportoanums should have regular misting or a pebble tray.
Because of its high tropical climate needs, this Philodendron thrives outdoors in growing climates of 10 to 12. The Camposportoanum is well-liked for its decorative and unique foliage during all growth stages.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Dark Lord
The Dark Lord is an excellent choice for plant lovers who prefer a distinctly identifiable plant. The Dark Lord is a prolific grower, native to Columbia and Panama, and is easy to maintain. Beginner plant lovers will be satisfied with how simple it is to care for this Philodendron.
This Philodendron variety offers several color changes throughout its growing stages. It starts with deep orange leaves that turn blood red, then a dark green at maturity, with metallic maroon hues underneath. Some leaves may be so dark they appear black. A bright red stem for contrast attaches each leaf.
The Dark Lord will show burgandy, wine-colored flowers during its blooming season, typically in May when conditions are ideal.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Erubescens
The Erubescens is native to Costa Rica, Central, and South America but makes an attractive tropical indoor plant for your home or office. This Philodendron variety is an aggressive climber in the right growing conditions and presents narrow green leaves with red highlights and undersides.
The flowers of the Erubescens are deep red and are breathtaking against the bright green foliage. This Philodendron does not require much care and maintenance, but plant lovers who want to control its growth can use pruning to keep it manageable.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Florida Ghost
The Florida Ghost Philodendron variety is a hybrid of the Pedatum and the Squamiferum. As this plant grows and matures, the leaves will change color, similar to other Philodendron varieties. Starting with shiny white leaves, they adjust to a more yellow-green hue before finally settling into a dark green color at maturity.
This Philodendron plant requires consistent lighting for optimal growth, thus equaling 12 hours of indirect sunlight and 12 hours of darkness. Unfortunately, these conditions are not always available in some climates, so supplemental light is helpful for this plant.
While blooming is rare with a Florida Ghost, you may see bright purple flowers that stretch 12 inches long in the right circumstances.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Gloriosum
Although the Gloriosum originated in Columbia, it is also native to Brazil, Central America, Mexico, and Venezuela. Its smooth, glossy green leaves provide a tropical feel to any space and will have white flowers when the growing conditions are ideal.
Its large leaves show white, pale pink, or green veins, giving it a distinct look. They also have a soft, velvety feel, standard with some Philodendron varieties. Philodendron Gloriosum is not a prolific grower and does not need repotting often. Every two or three years is sufficient.
This Philodendron plant is easy to care for and does not require regular pruning, making it a terrific option for many homes and workspaces.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Grazielae
The Grazielae is a slow-growing Philodendron variety that showcases glossy bright green leaves in a unique heart shape. It will climb upright on its thick stem when offered support during its growth stages.
Plant lovers should not house their Grazielae in too large a container. If it includes too much potting material and insufficient drainage, the soil can hold onto water, increasing the chance of root rot.
The Grazielae will produce small, slender white blooms that measure four to five centimeters long. However, they are not significant on this Philodendron, and often this plant is kept for its attractive foliage.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Green Congo
The Green Congo Philodendron plant is unique in how it unfurls and presents its new leaves in a deep, shiny red color, which eventually turns to a dark burgundy-green hue. In addition, this plant can display different red and green leaves simultaneously, providing a beautiful display for an indoor tropical option.
Although native to South America, this Philodendron variety does not climb or vine, as others in this plant family. Instead, they grow up with a thick stem similar to a tree-like structure.
The Green Congo makes a terrific floor plant, although you can find smaller varieties for compact spaces. They produce fragrant flowers that vary in color from red, green, or white for a breathtaking display in any home or office space.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Hastatum
The Hastatum is also known as the Silver Sword Philodendron because its striking metallic silver-blue foliage is elongated and sword-shaped. These leaves become more triangular and pointed as the Hastatum grows and matures. Native to Central and South America, they prefer identical climates to other Philodendron varieties.
The leaves may be greyish or pale green with a blue tinge during its growth stages, which darkens to green with age. This plant will eventually produce white flowers, although they may take years to be visible, and does not happen often living indoors.
The Hastatum has a significantly thick stem and can grow up to twice as wide as tall. Its climbing tendencies can provide a breathtaking tropical ambiance when displayed in your space.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Hederaceum
The Heartleaf Philodendron is an attractive houseplant because of its beautiful heart-shaped leaves and low-maintenance needs. Native to Central America and the Caribbean, it is also known as the sweetheart plant that thrives in other locations with proper care.
This Philodendron variety is rare to flower indoors but will produce small white flowers if it is mature and has the ideal growing conditions. The vines of this plant can grow between four and six feet long with dark green leaves that measure two to four inches.
Although you will typically see this Philodendron variety indoors, it can thrive outside in climate zones 10 or 11 that have no risk of frost or cold temperatures.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Hope Selloum
Also known as the Lacey Tree, the Hope Selloum plant is a stunning addition to any indoor space. It is native to South America and a terrific ornamental plant in warmer climates like Australia, the Philippines, and some select areas within the United States.
Its leaves have elongated narrow green lobes that grow in all directions from the stem. Plant lovers can enjoy the Hope Selloum for 20 years or more with proper care as it rarely goes above five feet tall inside. Alternatively, the leaves can reach up to four feet long for an impressive display.
The small white flowers of this Philodendron variety are not abundant and typically do not show until the plant is in maturity, 15 years or more.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Imperial Green/Philodendron Imperial Red
You can find some Imperial Green and Imperial Red Philodendron varieties in warm, humid areas of North America, along with Central and South America. These plant types will grow relatively the same size indoors, reaching two or three feet tall and up to three feet wide.
These plants are self-heading and do not vine as other Philodendrons do. Sometimes it can be challenging to distinguish between the Imperial Red and the Congo varieties since they are both hybrids and look pretty similar.
The leaves on these plants are smooth and glossy, with the Imperial Red having red-tinged leaves that turn burgundy-purple then dark green as they mature. On rare occasions, mature Imperial Green and Imperial Red plants may produce reddish-purple flowers.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Joepii
The Joepii Philodendron plant is a rare and unique specimen close to extinction in the South American jungle habitat. The leaves are a strange three-lobe pattern that resembles foliage damage from chewing or dragging. However, this is entirely normal for this plant. Plant lovers can expect leaves to reach up to 27 inches long with proper care and maintenance.
This Philodendron variety produces blooms that range in color from white to purple. However, like others in this plant family, it requires pristine growing conditions for this to occur. Joepii plants need regular pruning to remove dead leaves and help them maintain their shape and optimal growth.
Because of their rare nature and not being easily obtainable, the Joepii will cost a pretty penny for plant enthusiasts. However, this does not stop many individuals who want a unique Philodendron plant in their space.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Jose Buono
The Jose Buono Philodendron can provide a wonderfully tropical feel to any home or office. Its large variegated leaves are showy with a thick, leather-like texture and have splashes of gold, yellow, cream, or white coloring. Plant owners can expect the leaves to grow up to two feet long while the Jose Buono can reach heights of up to ten feet outdoors or around four feet inside.
One unique feature about the Jose Buono is how each leaf is individual, and no two will have the same variegated design or coloring. This ornamental tropical plant is a wonder as a low-maintenance climbing Philodendron for any beginner plant lover or busy homeowner.
Like other Philodendron varieties, the Jose Buono rarely flowers when grown indoors, and due to its rare nature, many claim unknown knowledge of its origin or its flowering colors.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Lacerum
This exotic tropical Philodendron is adaptable to various surroundings as an epiphyte or hemiepiphyte climber. Sometimes called the Giant Elephant-Ear Plant, the Lacerum produces large leaves that resemble elephant ears.
The Lacerum is a climbing Philodendron with a floating root system, making this plant simple with stem cuttings. This plant is hardy and low-maintenance, which is a terrific choice for busy people who want a tropical plant without the fuss and is not too picky.
The Lacerum’s leaves can reach 20 inches long for an impressive display in ideal growing conditions. Older mature leaves have deeper lobes than juvenile ones, giving them an attractive variety. If it can flower, this Philodendron variety will produce dull red flowers with purple insides.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Hederaceum Lemon Lime
The Lemon Lime Philodendron plant is true to its name with its bright green-yellow foliage. Also known as the Lemon Lime Heartleaf, it grows prolifically in tropical jungle climates. Initially, the leaves are a yellow-pinkish hue but brighten to yellow and green as it matures.
This cascading vine plant can grow quickly in the right conditions, up to 12 feet long. It rarely blooms indoors, but if homeowners are lucky, they can get a glimpse of its pearl white flower blooms. The Lemon Lime Philodendron can thrive outdoors in climate zones 9 to 11 with the proper humidity and potting medium.
This Philodendron variety can reach up to ten feet when growing outdoors. However, it will often remain compact when grown inside at only three feet.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Majesty
The Majesty Philodendron plant is a breathtaking dark hybrid that combines the Philodendron Sodiroi with Philodendron Verrucosum L.Mathieu ex Schott varieties. It beautifully accents features from both parents, showing iridescent leaves with copper colors mixed with burgundy-maroon hues, which mature to dark green.
It accents any plant lover’s space with its deep bronze flowers and a spectacular variety of dark colors. Outdoors, this impressive tropical plant can reach up to 15 feet, while indoors, it can be significantly more compact at only six feet with careful pruning.
The leaves on the Majesty have a sharp and narrow shape and grow up to 18 inches long while being three to four inches wide. However, the amount of light and quality will determine the overall hue your plant will have, so pick a spot with bright, indirect light for the best growing environment.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Mamei
Also known as the Silver Cloud Philodendron, the Mamei Philodendron is a beautiful tropical plant to own. Its heart-shaped bright green leaves show silver markings resembling smudges and giving it a cloud-like appearance. These leaves do not carry the thick leathery feel other Philodendron varieties have. However, its veins are deep, similar to pleats.
The Mamei does not produce showy flowers, but they may sport white-pale blooms with peachy-purple reproductive parts that hide under the leaves when the climate is suitable. Like others in the plant family, this Philodendron variety is low-maintenance and will grow terrific with minimal care and fuss.
The stems have close nodes, which helps the Mamei look fuller than other Philodendron varieties.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Martianum
Sometimes referred to as the Flask Philodendron, the Martianum is an exotic plant originating from Brazil that is a self-heading variety. It is a terrestrial plant that is comfortable in containers or as part of a tropical garden in the proper climate.
The Martianum produces hooded flowers with a creamy white color at the top while changing to a dark blood red at the bottom. It shoots up to two or three-foot leaf spikes when it reaches maturity.
They have a substantial root system, so their container should be deep enough to provide adequate space during its growth. Typically, you should repot a Martianum every two years or when necessary for fast-growing plants.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Mayoi
The Mayoi is visibly similar to a palm or fern because its leaves have four to six lobes on each side. Native to Brazil, this Philodendron has reddish veins and petioles on the underside of the leaves, distinguishing it as a Mayoi.
This Philodendron variety is another climbing type that can reach four feet tall with leaves that stretch to ten inches when growing in ideal conditions. They are fast growers and may need occasional pruning to help remove any dead leaves or stems and help maintain an attractive shape.
The Mayoi is unlikely to produce reproductive flowers when grown indoors, but plant lovers may be lucky enough to see spathes that are green outside and white inside.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Melanochrysum
Also known as Black Gold, the Melanochrysum is a vining Philodendron characterized by its shimmery, green, and bronze velvety leaves with yellow veins. On average, its leaves can measure two feet long and grow to five feet high indoors.
Native to South America, the Melanochrysum will climb trees and nearby vegetation. Alternatively, using a moss pole when growing indoors is ideal for this tropical plant to climb up and show off its natural beauty.
Typically, Philodendron varieties are not prolific bloomers, but you may see some blooms when the conditions are right. The Melanochrysum sports green and white flowers necessary for reproduction in its natural habitat.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Melanoneuron
This Philodendron variety is highly adaptable and low-maintenance, making it a terrific tropical plant for any beginner or green thumb looking to expand their collection. This decorative plant has large round bright green leaves with deep ridges for a textured look.
Originating in Ecuador, the Melanoneuron makes an impression when you walk into the room where one is thriving. It typically has moderate growth and may require trimming to remove dead leaves or stems.
Remember to provide climbing support for this Philodendron variety, and it will happily grow and mature without much fuss.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Mexicanum
The Mexicanum is a terrific option for plant lovers who want to add unique variety to their collection. Native to Mexico and regions south of there, this Philodendron is a typical tree-climbing variety and is hardy for various conditions.
These Philodendrons have distinct oddly-shaped leaves, similar to dog ears in how they grow narrow and triangular from the stem, almost appearing as three rather than one. While the top of the leaves is a brilliant glossy green, the undersides are a maroon-magenta hue.
The flowers of the Mexicanum typically do not appear in potted plants, but in the natural habitat, are miniature and are challenging to see. They have a green flower hood with a ruby center for reproduction purposes.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Micans
The Micans is also known as the Velvet Leaf Philodendron and has magnificent green foliage with gold-tinted stems. This Philodendron variety is native to the Caribbean and Mexico and can provide a stunning exotic feel to your home or office when you include one in your space.
Similar to other Philodendron varieties, the Micans rarely flower when growing indoors. However, if you are lucky enough to see blooms, they are green with white, making them less stunning than their foliage.
While the Micans are relatively low-maintenance with the ideal humidity and temperature, regular pruning can help keep them manageable and attractive. They are a fast-growing Philodendron variety, so ensure you provide proper support for them to climb or vine from their pot.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Moonlight
The Moonlight is a non-vining Philodendron variety and typically grows in clumps as a dense, shrub-like plant. Even so, the Moonlight can reach up to two feet tall and over two feet wide at maturity. New leaves come in lime green or bright yellow, with the color losing intensity as it grows and eventually altering to a darker green.
If your plant does not have vibrant colors in its leaves, it may need more bright indirect lighting. The Moonlight has an extremely long blooming time that lasts up to a month or longer in the wild. Its pinkish-red spathe is breathtaking, although it is rare that plant owners see these blooms from their indoor plants.
This low-maintenance Philodendron variety with its bright, cheery colors is a terrific addition to any living room or workspace.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Painted Lady
The Painted Lady Philodendron is a hybrid plant that got its name from its unique foliage that looks like someone painted it with a brush. Displaying large bright yellowish-green leaves with speckles of green with bright pink stems provides an attractive splash of color to any room. As the plant matures, the leaves darken but remain vibrant.
One negative element of the Painted Lady is the flowers it produces. Although it is rare to bloom as an indoor plant, it will give green spathes with white and cream colors in the right conditions. Unfortunately, these flowers give off an unpleasant smell, and many plant owners will remove them when they appear.
This slow-growing hybrid will reach maturity around five feet tall and spread out to 16 inches wide.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Paraiso Verde
The long beautiful variegated leaves on the Paraiso Verde is why many call this Philodendron Green Paradise. Native to the West Indies, this tropical climbing plant is a fast grower but does not take up as much space as other Philodendron varieties do.
The green marbled look of its foliage makes it a popular choice for many plant lovers. Although, if your Paraiso Verde begins to revert to dark green, it indicates that it is not receiving enough indirect light. Move it closer to a light source without putting it in direct sunlight to avoid scorching its leaves.
The Paraiso Verde is compact enough to keep indoors and will only reach approximately 15 inches tall while reaching up to 23 inches wide. Although rare, this Philodendron may produce green-white spathe flowers.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Pastazanum
Native to Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru, the Pastazanum is a rare Philodendron variety that many plant lovers want to add to their collection. This plant is a crawler as the rhizome grows horizontally while the leaf stems grow vertically from there. This feature is distinctly different than other vining Philodendrons.
Its leaves are glossy and bright green with visible, attractive texture showcasing white veins that make the heart-shaped foliage characteristic of many Philodendron varieties. A happy and healthy Pastazanum will have leaves two feet wide.
The flower from the Pastazanum is a sizeable reddish leaf that adapts as a one-petal flower, measuring four to six inches long.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Patriciae
The Patriciae is an outstanding exotic Philodendron plant that will take your breath away. Characterized by its dark, intense color and rippled-textured leaves, this Columbia native is sought after by many plant lovers.
Its unique foliage can turn heads, although it can be difficult to find at your local nursery. Once you find one, though, it is a glorious addition, as it is low-maintenance and adapts well to various environments, within reason.
The colorful spathes on the Patriciae first emerge as green, then change to white-pink hues. Finally, it evolves to pinkish-red as the spathe unfurls for a spectacular showing as it grows and matures. However, these flowers will take up to five years to emerge, as the Patriciae needs to fully mature.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Pedatum
Also known as the Oak Leaf Philodendron plant, the Pedatum produces uniquely exotic evergreen leaves to add a tropical feel to any space. Native to South America, this Philodendron variety is a climbing type that can reach up to three meters when living in optimal conditions.
These plants rarely flower indoors, but plant lovers will see brownish-green spathes on the leaf stems if they do. Its leaves are multiple lobes and resemble an oak, hence the alternative name. Its waxy leaves can grow up to 14 inches long, although they will typically be around six or eight inches when grown indoors.
The Pedatum leaves are typically a bright green color with flecks of maroon coloring and display more maroon underneath.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Erubescens
The Pink Princess is a rare sought-after Philodendron variety for its waxy leaves that display bright pink and deep green colors. Also known as the Blushing Philodendron, it is a low-maintenance, variegated plant; however, it may need specific care to ensure it sustains its pink hues.
This Erubescens plant can remain a compact indoor tropical plant, reaching two to four feet at maturity, making it an attractive size for even small spaces. Consequently, it requires bright indirect lighting or may lose some pink variegation. New leaves appear dark green with white variegation, eventually turning pink.
You would think that the flowers would be equally stunning with such beautiful leaves. However, like other Philodendron varieties, the Pink Princess flowers are standard green and white, mainly for reproduction and not for show.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Plowmanii
For anyone looking for a Philodendron variety with massive heart-shaped leaves, the Plowmanii is a terrific choice. The oversized foliage consists of bright lime greens, yellows, and dark greens, creating a multi-colored tropical display.
Native to Ecuador and Peru, this Philodendron blooms naturally in the wild but not often when grown indoors. The flowers on a Plowmanii are typically yellow, but many plant lovers have seen other hues, including purple, dark violet, and red, due to their variable nature.
One benefit to owning a Plowmanii is that it will still thrive in low-light, unlike other Philodendrons. This attribute makes it an excellent plant for bedrooms, bathrooms, and offices with limited natural light. However, the more indirect bright light it receives, the faster it will grow.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Prince of Orange
The Prince of Orange is an excellent option for Philodendron enthusiasts who love adding color to their existing space. This tropical plant offers a beautiful display of leaves with yellow, orange, and red hues that change as it matures.
The Prince of Orange is a self-heading Philodendron, where the leaves emerge from the center rather than vining and crawling. New foliage opens up with bright yellow and soft orange colors, turning to a more copper-orange and red as it ages. The oldest leaves on this plant will be dark green, but thankfully Philodendrons can sport multiple leaves so that you will have a multi-colored display.
If its living conditions are ideal, the Prince of Orange may bless you with small white flowers. However, this plant is more known for its striking leaves than its blooms.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Red Congo
Another red Philodendron variety, the Red Congo, or Rojo Congo, is a rare but popular tropical plant for its striking colors. This hybrid came from crossing the Imperial Red with the Tatei. It is a self-heading plant and can support its large oval leaves without support when kept in shape.
Comparing this plant to another red variety, the Imperial Red, the Red Congo is more significant and broader, with darker red leaves and grows significantly faster. This tropical Philodendron can reach upward of four feet indoors and just as far in width.
New foliage growth on the Red Congo will be light green with red tinges, eventually growing a darker wine-red, then deep green at maturity. When mature, this Philodendron variety will produce one large dark red flower.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Red Emerald
Abundant in Columbia and Costa Rica, the Red Emerald Philodendron is a gorgeous tropical plant. Although it looks similar to the Imperial Red variety that grows bush-like, the Red Emerald is a climbing plant, giving it a distinct feature to differentiate the two.
This Philodendron hybrid provides bright wine-colored new heart-shaped leaves that eventually darken to green as it matures. However, the leaf stems remain red, giving plant lovers an attractive houseplant for any space. If you are lucky enough to provide the Red Emerald with optimal growing conditions, it will produce breathtaking deep red flowers.
Indoors, a typical Red Emerald Philodendron will mature at three feet, although some outdoor climates will have this tropical plant reaching up to 12 feet.
Scientific Name: Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma
Also known as the Mini Monstera, the Ginny, or Piccolo, this plant is similar in structure to the Monstera Deliciosa but lacks an impressive size. Originating in Malaysia and Southern Thailand, this tropical plant can grow up to five feet indoors while reaching 12 feet outside if the climate is suitable.
This split-leaf climbing wonder is a sight to see for many plant lovers. It is exceptionally hardy and easy to grow, with bright indirect lighting and moist, well-drained soil. The Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma can produce a spathe with tiny flower clusters in its natural habitat but not often when grown indoors.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Ring of Fire
The Ring of Fire is a slow-growing Philodendron that is a hybrid of the Tortum and Wendlandii, also known as Henderson’s Pride. The new foliage on a Ring of Fire varies in variegation between white and cream, orange to bright red, and light to dark green hues. Each leaf is unique, creating a masterpiece of a houseplant.
The combination of five different colors throughout its growing stages makes this Philodendron a decorative piece necessary for any collection. Because this hybrid can have varying elements from each parent, the foliage structure can vary significantly. However, they are typically long with jagged edges and provide a tropical feel to your space.
Indoor Ring of Fire plants tend not to flower often, but if they do, plant lovers can expect various blooms that range from white to orange-berry hues, depending on their parentage.
Scientific Name: Philodendron hederaceum ‘Rio’
Philodendron Rio is a cultivar of the Philodendron Brasil. This hearteaf philodendron has beautiful variegated leaves not seen in any other variety. This variety was once known as the Philodendron scandens, which is still used by some plant nurseries, or online plant sellers. This variety has been around since 2009, when cultivated by a plant company out of Florida.
According to Gabriella Plants (who cultivated it), this variety emerged from a Philodendron Brasil from a naturally occuring sport. Because they’ve only been around about a decade, and aren’t regularly produced plants, they are quite rare and expensive. Right now you can typically only find Rios from a list of specialized growers, and plants are often purchased immediately due to their rarity.
This easy to care for plant is an excellent houseplant, if you can find one. Their leaf patterns rival the beautify of their Pink Princess cousins, and will be sure to impress most houseplant enthusiasts.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Rugosum
The Rugosum is a climbing Philodendron variety that is near endangerment. Also known as Pig Skin, this rare, exotic plant originates from Ecuador and can reach up to 15 feet when in optimal growing conditions.
Its thick, leathery leaves wrinkle up as it matures but keep its oval shape and vibrant green colors. The Rugosum can bloom when it reaches maturity, but they are evergreen and do not remain on the plant for long.
This easy-to-care-for Philodendron variety is becoming rare due to lack of natural habitat, even though they are highly adaptable to their surroundings. Known to climb trees and rocks, the Rugosum will thrive indoors with good indirect light and adequately drained moist soil.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Selloum
The Selloum Philodendron plant comes in several unique varieties, including the Hope Selloum, Lacy Tree, Horsehead, and Tree Philodendron. This showy tropical plant is common in many homes and backyards where the climate is mild and offers optimal humidity and indirect sunlight.
The leaves on a Selloum contain deep, smooth multi-lobes that are evergreen and give an exotic feel to the space. Unfortunately, this Philodendron variety rarely flowers when grown indoors, but if it has a chance, you may see green or white blooms at maturity.
Selloums are fast growers and can reach up to 12 feet tall and spread out to 15 feet wide, making them not the best choice for small spaces.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Sharoniae
The Sharoniae originates from Ecuador and Columbia, commonly known as Sharon’s Philodendron. Its unique ridge-pattern leaves provide a stunning display as it climbs and vines throughout its space. This tropical plant is generally grown indoors but will thrive in climate zones of 10 or 11 without risk of frost when outdoors.
The Sharoniae’s leaves are glossy bright green, and waxy with smooth edges. Their rippled wave pattern spans the heart-shaped foliage and can grow between four and six inches long. This Philodendron is easy to care for and maintain, making it a terrific choice for busy individuals who want an exotic houseplant that does not require a lot of fuss.
When plant owners are lucky enough to have a Sharoniae bloom, it will produce small creamy white flowers. However, many Philodendron enthusiasts obtain this tropical plant for its breathtaking foliage rather than the blossoms.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Spiritus Sancti
The Spiritus Sancti is one of the rarest Philodendron varieties in the world. Because of Brazil’s loss of natural habitat, these plants are more within private collections than in the wild. Even so, the numbers of thriving Spiritus Sancti are few and far between in this almost extinct Philodendron plant.
Also known as the Santa Leopoldina, this majestic Philodendron is a climbing variety and produces foliage that grows from 12 to 24 inches long. Unfortunately, if you are lucky enough to get your hands on this Philodendron, it will cost you a pretty penny.
The leaves of the Spiritus Sancti will differ as they age. The juvenile foliage will appear rough and triangular, while the more mature leaves will be dark green and dull with rounder edges and red veins underneath.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Squamiferum
Also known as the Red Bristle, the Squamiferum is a Philodendron tropical variety that has showy, exotic foliage. Common in Brazil, Central America, French Guiana, and Suriname, this vining Philodendron is famous for its red hair-like attribute. Its leaves are oak-shaped, similar to other varieties with multiple lobes, but have fuzzy red hairs on the stems.
The tropical Squamiferum has blooms in clusters of white flowers in burgundy spathes with the ideal growing conditions. However, indoor blooming is not as typical as when living in its natural habitat.
The only thing limiting the Sqamiferum’s size is its environment. Therefore, the more space you provide this exotic Philodendron, the more it will grow. Typically, your indoor Squamiferum will reach extensive heights with individual leaves that measure 18 inches long.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Subhastatum
Originating in the West Indies, the Subhastatum is a Philodendron climbing tropical plant that is one of the largest varieties. Its large glossy ornamental leaves include two colors, bright green on the top, while the underside is red. Juvenile leaves have more brilliant hues that darken as the plant ages.
The Subhastatum will grow approximately six feet tall and two feet wide at maturity when indoors for plant lovers who want to add a moderately sized exotic to their collection. This size makes it a terrific potted tropical plant for a home or office floor.
It is rare for the Subhastatum to flower growing indoors. However, there is a slight chance that it may produce white flowers in a green spathe if it has ideal growing conditions.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Thai Sunrise
For a showy tropical Philodendron, the Thai Sunrise delivers a breathtaking display. This climbing plant offers bright lime colors that mix yellow, light, and dark green throughout its silky foliage. The leaves are elongated and have variegated patterns that develop more as the plant matures. The Thai Sunrise leaves can grow between seven and ten inches long, grabbing the attention it deserves.
Like other Philodendron varieties, the Thai Sunrise will grow more compact when indoors and will only reach around three feet in height and one foot wide. This size makes it perfect for container planting to add an exotic feel to your home or office space.
The stems on a Thai Sunrise are orange, helping to provide a splash of color to an already spectacular Philodendron. It rarely flowers, but when it does, this plant will need perfect conditions and be fully mature, which can take up to 16 years.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Tortum
Also known as Tree Loving, the Tortum is a climbing multi-stem Philodendron that can provide a tropical feel to any room. Its lobed waxy leaves resemble skeleton key shapes and carry air-purifying capabilities as many other Philodendron varieties do.
Native in the West Indies, the Tortum only grows to around 19 inches in the wild but can reach up to six feet when grown indoors.
The Tortum doesn’t carry flowers, but that does not mean it is any less beautiful or well-liked.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Tripartitum
Native to Mexico and Central America, the Tripartitum is a Philodendron variety that emits a pleasant aroma from its stem and leaves. Its semi-glossy leaves can grow up a foot across when mature. They contain three lobes, and each is generally the same size. Depending on its age, the Tripartitum can vary in color from bright to dark green and even grey-green.
This fast-growing Philodendron thrives well when you provide it with a moss pole to climb or other support. The chances of flowering are slim, but some Tripartitums may produce white or yellowish flowers when the conditions are right.
Scientific Name: Philodendron Verrucosum
If you want a beautiful, eye-catching tropical plant with velvety foliage and striking coloring, the Verrucosum is perfect. This Philodendron plant is a climber, and some Verrucosum varieties have leaf stems that contain brightly-colored red hairs for a splash of color.
Native to Central and South America, it is sometimes called the Ecuador Philodendron. The heart-shaped leaf tops are bright to dark green with hints of silver, and the underside contains instances of reddish-purple hues.
Plant lovers can expect a pink spathe on the rare instances of the Verrucosum flowering.
Scientific Name: Philodendron White Knight
The White Knight is a sight to behold when it has a proper climate to grow and mature. This Philodendron variety has brownish-purple or burgundy-colored stems, edged with white. Depending on its parentage, its variegated leaves will differ significantly from plant to plant. Some leaves will have bold white splashes, while others include hints of white splattered within the leaf.
This climbing Philodendron has exceptionally round, heart-shaped leaves. In addition, they mix white with dark green for a unique look you will not get from any other Philodendron variety. Native to South America, the White Knight is a low-maintenance tropical plant, making it easy for beginners to handle.
The White Knight will occasionally flower with the right conditions, but they are not as spectacular as the foliage, making them less impressive than the plant itself.
Scientific Name: Thaumatophyllum Xanadu
This tropical houseplant, also known as the Philodendron Winterbourn, is a must for many plant lovers. The Xanadu possesses bright green leaves that contain deep splits within its lobes, providing an airy exotic feel for a room.
Native to Brazil, this Philodendron variety is easy to care for and does not require staking for support as it matures.
The leaves on the Xanadu can grow between three and five feet high in clumps and branch out five feet wide when thriving in a container indoors. Its thick foliage can easily convert any space into a tropical jungle. Unfortunately, it rarely blooms inside a similar behavior to other Philodendron varieties.
The Philodendron varieties we list here are terrific additions to any space when you want to add a tropical, exotic feel. They are easy to care for and do not require constant direct sunlight, making them ideal for small rooms that do not get a lot of natural light. Once you’ve picked the perfect cultivar for your indoor garden, it’s time to care for them properly and stick to these growing tips for optimal philodendron growth!